Common Experiences (History)

Rodrigo , aka El Cid was a Hispanic infanzon (), who was put into exile twice over politics in the late 1000’s. While in exile, he fought for the Moorish Emir Mu’taman of and his exploits became legend with romanticized poem being written around 1201-1207.

This poem is “The Lay of the Cid” which is the translation of the Cantar del mio Cid. This poem was written in the mid-twelfth century about the , , and relating events from his exile from Castile in 1081 until shortly before his death in 1099. Although the Cid accomplished the of capturing the rich Muslim kingdom of Valencia and holding it as his own, and being the first of the Christian leaders to defeat the , a warlike band of zealots from North Africa, the poem concentrates upon his relationship with VI of Leon-Castile. Like many feudal epics, The Lay of the Cid portrays the breakdown of the -lord relationship due to some shortcoming of the lord, the manner in which the attempts to deal with this situation, and reaches a climax and resolution in a detailed account of a formal trial.

The Cid became a universal hero to the Hispanic (basicly Spanish), and his history was elaborated by numerous ballads, legends, and other tales until the historical figure was completely obscured by this fanciful literature.

Sports / Games

  • Soccer – e.g. Copa Tecate – Hispanic American leagues.
  • Boxing – e.g. Oscar De La Hoya – Gold medal at the 1992 in Barcelona, Spain.
  • Baseball
  • Bull Fighting – Matadors (bull fighters), corridas (arenas), toros (bulls).
  • Jai (A)lai

Ekmel Helvacıoğlu